Culinary tourism: a recent trend in global tourism; finding its present status and future scope in India
Food Tourism is one of the latest and growing trends worldwide in recent years; since mounting number of tourists interested in culinary destinations – a trend that seems to consolidate year after year. In India, tourism industry is one of the largest sectors in terms of its contribution to the country’s GDP and FEE. A large number of Foreign Tourists visits India every year. Besides enjoying India’s scenic beauty of amazing landscapes, they are stepping into pursue the food culture of the country. Indian cuisine is world famous for its charm, aroma, taste, diversity and extravagant spices and the country is rightly known as “HOME OF SPICES”. The main objective of the present study is to evaluate the present status, future scope as well as to suggest some ideological and theoretical strategies to promote Culinary Tourism in India. This paper is based on secondary data and review of literatures and Predictive Forecasting Method has been used. The study reveals that, in India Food Tourism is in its embryo stage though the country possesses a diversified and richly cuisine tradition. The study may be helpful to the Government policy makers to push the country’s economic growth through the promotion of Culinary Tourism.
Impacts of riverbank erosion of floodplain areas of Torsa river at Cooch Behar-II
Cooch Behar district is a land of many perennial rivers. The Torsa River flows through Tibet, Bhutan, India and Bangladesh. Cooch Behar district is mainly formed of the processes of alluvial deposits. Only seven mauzas I have selected for my research work. This paper provides an overview of coochbehar block II residence displaced by river bank erosion. This research work describes the socio-economic as well as environmental conditions of the study area with a special attention to natural hazards. Riverbank erosion of a considerable proportion of the victims are compelled to leave the original homestead plot and take shelter by the left embankment, cultivated land, neighbors land, Government and relative lands. The health and economic conditions of the victims are extremely low. In fact, riverbank erosion causes every year unemployment, landlessness and poverty is increasing which results from unstable condition of this area. This physical process affects the economic and socio-cultural aspects and creates drastic change over the period. Continuous monitoring and maintenance of these floods induces river bank management which is necessary for the beneficial result. The distressed people demand a holistic and positive approach to tackle the problem. The information on losses of livelihoods, generated vulnerabilities, social destructions, impacts on agriculture, impacts on environment, relief and benefit for erosion victims and livelihood dependence on the river is collected through semi-structured questionnaire survey.
Causes of soil pollution and alternative measures to reduce it in Choto Sangra Mouza of Birbhum District, West Bengal
The causes of soil pollution are complex and far reaching. Actually it has economic impacts and this in term causes social impacts. Agriculture is the base of village economy. It has been evolved through different stages, from the past to this modern era.In traditional agriculture farmers used to depend on farm manure and cow dung as natural sources of plant nutrients. This traditional system of applying manure could only support low yields but there was no strain on the inherent of the soil. Modern agriculture largely depends on the use of high cost inputs such as chemical fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides, herbicides etc. The application of such inputs has undoubtedly increased the production but there is growing concern over the adverse effects of the use of chemicals on soil productivity and environment quality.Now in case of Choto Sangra, only organic manure was used for crop cultivation before forty to fifty years. So, the production of crop was less than now but now with chemical fertilizer, HYV seeds etc the production of this village has no doubt become increased.Negative effect of modern agriculture is also found that the excessive use of chemical fertilizer has reduced the fertility of field. Undergone demonstration is not practiced here. So, sometimes farmers use chemical fertilizers and pesticides unscientifically. Consumption of chemical pesticides had increased during 1990-91 and decreased during 1995-96 and further come down to about 1998-99 while it is necessary to add the required amount of plant food nutrients in the soil to increase crop production. Continuous removal of micronutrient due to excessive amount of chemical inputs application is depleting the soil fertility. It is however, easy to standardize the optimum levels of production factors at the experimental sites but very difficult to popularize them among the vast majority of farmers. Due to tropical climate, organic carbon status, phosphate status of this soil is low. Potash, a nutrient is adequate in the soils of Choto Sangra village. As remedial measure, organic agriculture should be practiced. It relies upon crop rotations with leguminous crops, addition of crop residues, animal manure, bio fertilizer and bio pesticides.
Estimation of climatic balance and ground water potential in Sriniketan-Santiniketan planning area
Subhra Ghosh & Dr. Debashis Das
In order to meet the water shortages, search for new sources of fresh water especially ground water has been emphasized. For this purpose both qualitative and quantitative approaches have been applied. The former are largely based on water table profiles and contours whereas the later are based on change in ground water shortage and factors causing them. Some of the villages of the study area record over utilization and remaining record under utilization of ground water. Water balance for the area as a whole has been studied for each of the heavy, normal and low rainfall years. Water is surplus in the months of August and September in heavy rainfall years, and in July and August in normal rainfall year. Naturally, there is no surplus in less rainfall years. A suitable plan for its development has been emphasized here by taking into account conjunctive use of water resources.
Levels of development of literacy in Bankura district, West Bengal
Md. Azfar Mondal
literacy may be defined as the person who is more than seven years of age read, write and understanding in any language of society . It is an essential part of human life which eradicates poverty and mental isolations. Literacy influences on society for creating friendly and peaceful environment. It is an important index of development of society. It influences on fertility, mortality, social advancement, friendly international relations, economic growth, political maturity, occupation etc. Illiteracy on the other hand is the major hindrance of development. It retarded society from of all sides by ignorance of real understanding of society. The district Bankura is located in between 22038'N to 23038'N latitude and 86036' E to 87046' E longitude. It is located at the western part of West Bengal and eastern part of Chhotonagpur plateau. The eastern part of this district is a part of Gangetic deltaic region. According to the census 2011 more than quarter number peoples are illiterates. Here the literacy is 70.26% where the male is 80.05% and female is only 60.05%. Here many people migrates seasonally to the eastern part of some other district like Burdwan and Hooghly as a labour to the agricultural field of paddy sowing and cutting times of both aman and boro seasons. Here many people are very poor. In this paper I will try to show the development and problem of literacy by different statistical, cartographic methods. Literacy development index and index of deprivation have been computed for this purposes and lastly a major comparison will be made to show the temporal variation and trends of literacy.