Land use pattern in Haryana: a geographical analysis
Mr. Monu Kumar
Haryana state is one of the most prosperous agriculture states of India. Here, mostly populations are engaged to agriculture activity. Therefore, Land is one of the most critical recourses for the poor dependent on farming for their livestock. The ever-increasing population together with escalating demands brings extra pressure on available land resources and pushes toward land use change. Change in the land affects directly on the ecosystem and are intimately linked with the issue on sustainability. The challenge for developing countries is to develop land management programms to increase the availability of high quality fertile lands in areas where population growth is high, poverty is endemic and existing institutional capacity is week. Understanding of land use change in relation to its driving forces provides essential information for land use planning and sustainable management of resources. In order to use land optimally, it is not only necessary to have information on exiting land use but also capability to monitor the dynamics of land use resulting out the changing demands of increasing population. The present paper analyzes the existing land use pattern comparing the data of 2001-02 to 2011-12 and change in land use pattern of Haryana state. It also focuses upon the causes behind these changes.
Assessing the maternal health benefit schemes-a study on Bankura district, West Bengal
Dr. Priyadarshini Sen
Reduction of mortality of women is an area of concern for not only South Asian countries like India but for most of the nations globally. The International Conference on Population and Development in 1994 had stressed on the immediate task of reducing the maternal mortality and hence improving the health conditions of mothers to-be and their newborns as well by the year 2015. Indian states suffer from high levels of disparity as far as maternal health is concerned measured by the parameters like those beneficiaries covered under government sponsored immunization programmes ,with better encouragement of institutional deliveries and alike. For West Bengal the matter is yet serious because as a whole the state has been categorised ‘high performing’ as far as institutional deliveries and Maternal Mortality Rates are concerned but one of its backward districts; Bankura suffers from huge gap in the target achievement form maternal benefit schemes than actually happens. A geographically rich area containing huge potentials for agro-forestry, suffers from less than adequate number of hospitals and less awareness of the benefit schemes may be due to illiteracy and position of women in their domestic atmosphere. This paper identifies some out of many such problem ‘areas’ of Bankura district in order to plan better for the beneficiaries who are residing in the remote backward regions of the country.
Mapping sex composition of Indian metropolises
Dr. Jitendra Kumar
The present work of sex composition has examined in geographic perspective metropolises in India that constitute an important component of Indian urban system. The main point of inquiry is to analysis the change and regional variation of sex composition of metropolises. There are fifty two metropolises in India as per final totals of census 2011. The study follows a systematic approach. In order to find out the results, census data has been used from 1901-2011. The existing sex ratio in the country is basically the product of differential in mortality at various stages of life. In urban areas highly urbanized and industrialized places mainly have low sex ratio due to male selective in migration to such areas. Metropolises located in south India are marked with a relatively more favourable sex ratio as compared to north and north-west states. It is observed that sex ratio in cities with million plus population is high where the urban and rural sex ratio of the state is high. It is noticed that sex ratio in the age group 0-6 has declined by (- 2) point in metropolises in the last decade. The decline in child sex ratio has been equally common in rural as well as urban areas, although the magnitude is evidently on the higher in the rural areas in the 2001-11.The declining child sex ratio is a pan Indian phenomenon, as it will lead to serious demographic imbalances and adverse social consequences.