Developmental projects and Environmental Justice struggles in Odisha: A study on protest movements against developmental projects
Mr.Braja Kishore Sahoo
The state continues to be the key institution around which struggles for environmental justice in India are articulated. Its dominant role in the economy and its hierarchical, authoritarian and legitimate role as arbiter of rights and resources, the violation of its own environmental laws or acts in ways inimical to environmental justice has been protected by indigenous people. In my paper, I draw on the theme of the protest movements against developmental projects which are rooted in the livelihood and survival of the common people and the violation of human rights. The threats of displacement, loss of livelihood, alienation from their own surroundings are catalysts for this strand of the movement. Based on this perspective, I discuss how the main aim of these environmental justice struggles in Odisha are based around the re-scaling of development projects to the local level, the defense of common property resources and the restoration of participatory, community based forms of environmental management.
Fluoride contamination of underground water and health hazard in Nasipur village of Birbhum district (WB) - A case study
Water is life. Human being can not survive with out water. Water is needed for drinking, taking bath, washing, irrigation and for building purpose. Of all these, drinking purpose is most sensitive because drinking water must be purified from the viewpoint of health. Nextly, water used for irrigation must also be well balanced mineralised. Underground water is such a source which is equally important for both these purposes. Fluoride is a compound remains in a certain amount in water. Fluoride compound (F ¯ ) is necessary for a certain content to eradicate the dental caries. It does harden the tooth and bones. The normal level of fluoride in underground water is 1 or 1.5 mg. per litre. World Health Organization (WHO) guideline value and the permissible limit of fluoride as per Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS) is 1.5 mg/L. Crossing this limit fluoride contaminates the water. If that water is used for drinking purpose then health hazard may occur. This health hazard is known as fluorosis. Person once attacked by this never is cured from this. Patients lost their ability to do work. “The Nasipur is the first place to report cases of fluorosis in West Bengal. The village is located in Nalhati Block-I of Birbhum district” (Chatterjee, 2004). It is in interest to us to find out the problems of fluoride affected people of Nasipur village and to find out the alternative measures to solve this in conclusion part.
Intelligence quotient as predictor of creativity among some higher secondary school students
This study investigated how Intelligence Quotient predicts general level of creativity and different components of creativity; Personality, Fluency, Originality, Flexibility and Creativity motivation among some higher secondary school students in Chennai and Tiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu state, India. A total of six hundred students were randomly selected from 15 schools in each district, 20 students in each schools total 30 schools the state to participate in the study. Two instruments were used to collect data they are: Student’s Intelligence Test (SIT), and Students Creative Assessment Scale (SCAS). Data was analyzed using multiple regression analysis. Intelligence Quotient (I.Q) accounted for 9% 0f variance in creativity (R2=0.90) this percentage is statistically significant. Also, I.Q should be considered in selecting students for tasks that involve creativity.
Problems of development of bamboo based industries in Jalpaiguri district, West Bengal
Bamboo provides the base for a broad range of rural and semi-urban cottage industries that provide livelihood for the rural poor, particularly home-based workers in the unorganized sector. By providing off-farm income generation options, these bamboo-based livelihood systems frequently absorb surplus agricultural workers - mainly the rural poor who do not have regular on-farm employment. These industries are mostly household based where the production of commodity takes place in the surroundings of homes and the workers, the so called labours are supplied by the family members only. The craftsmen himself is the proprietor in each unit and is assisted by his own family. An overwhelming number of bamboo-based industries are found in Jalpaiguri district, majority of which are located in the rural area. The industries are suffering from numerous problems. The prevalence of outdated mode of production has hampered the growth and development of the sector. The biggest impediment towards the bamboo based sector from developing has been the irregular supply of bamboo for entrepreneurial use. The study is based on 75 sample units drawn from 29 villages of the district through field survey. The objective the paper is to study the characteristic features of the industries and find out problems of the sector and suggest remedial measures for development.
Social exclusion and health deprivation of Dalits and Tribes in Karnataka India
Prakash Marpady, Liranso G. Selamu, Dr. Mohan S. Singhe
This paper examines the linkages between caste and social exclusion in health domain. In country like India, people from certain groups have been excluded from the mainstream society just because of their caste and social identity. The scheduled castes and tribes are been excluded from the health services and subject to the deprivation. Here researchers made an effort to explain the notion of social exclusion and how it has nexus with health indicators of SCs and STs. Study has compiled data from National Family and Health Survey (NFHS-III) of 2005-06. Three major indicators of reproductive and child health have been considered to analyze the phenomena. As an outcome of cross-tabulation and analysis, it was found that there is a strong association between social identity and health care service utilization. SCs/STs are lagging behind as compare to other social groups. Women and children from these groups denied to health care services that made them more vulnerable to the health.
Indoor air pollution from biomass combustion and acute respiratory infections in children under 5 year: a case study of rural household in Cooch Behar district.
Mr. Keshab Mondal
The solid biomass is a common source of fuel, which is broadly used for cooking in rural households of developing countries of the world. The most of solid biomass fuels are wood, agricultural crops and dung cake etc which are the highly polluted fuel as well as the main source of indoor air pollution in rural areas. The present study was carries out for impact of solid biomass fuel combustion on children under 5 year. It is found that most of diseases are generated from indoor polluted air such as bronchitis, tuberculosis, asthma, eye irritation, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and skin infections, joint pain other respiratory diseases etc. The result depicts a clear correlation between acute respiratory infections in children under 5 years and solid biomass combustion in rural areas of Cooch Behar district, West Bengal. Ultimately the rural household of Cooch Behar District in West Bengal which is experiencing various types of respiratory infections in children below five year represent itself in the paper as a victim of such health degradation due to solid biomass combustion in rural cooking and seeks some remedial measures for declining the problems.