Soil degradation and conservation of Chopra block- a case study of Uttar Dinajpur district, West Bengal
Erosion is a comprehensive natural process of detachment and removal of loosened rock materials and soils by exogenetic processes such as running water, ground water, sea waves, wind, glacier. In fact the damage and degradation caused to the soil due to compactness, smearing, excessive working etc. through human activities is called “Soil Degradation``. Chopra block of Uttar Dinajpur is densely populated agricultural area. It is situated in high rainfall zone including many rivers following from north to south direction. All the rivers have their origin from the Darjeeling Himalayas. Thus water volume and velocity of the rivers became high during rainy season. So in this study area stream erosion in the main cause of soil erosion. This study shows the present status of denuded soil of Chopra block and discusses the factors which are responsible for this erosion and also focuses on the efficient and scientific conservation measures which are applied to that area to check soil erosion for further improvement in soil fertility of Chopra block.
Tourism industry of North Bengal ¬- from Geographical point of view a steps toward planning and development
The term Tourism has been emerged as a major industry since World War II. This tourism industry is developed around a region of unique characteristics of natural, social, cultural, ethnic resource diversity and so on. North Bengal comprises of six districts namely Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, Coochbehar, Uttar Dinajpur, Dakshin Dinajpur, and Malda. Each of the above districts has unique characteristics in respect of natural, social, cultural, ethnic resources. The natural beauty of Darjeeling mountain, reserve forest of Terai and Dooars, heritage site of Malda and the folk culture of forest surrounded rural area in North Bengal are attracting tourists (both domestic and international) from all over the world. The Darjeeling hills are well known as Queen of Hills. The Darjeeling Tea and Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR) are regarded as the heritage of Darjeeling Hills. The unique ethnic community of Totopara of Jalpaiguri district, Coochbehar Rajbari and Heritage site of Malda (Goura) district has a major interest of tourist worldwide. This industry emerged as an important segment of daily life of the people, strengthening their economy and also generates supplementary income for local in rural as well as urban areas. But today lack of proper management the tourism industry of North Bengal has been suffered a lot. This paper is an attempt to focus the present problem and planning to rejuvenate development of Tourism industry of the study area.
Dynamics of population size, density and growth in Himachal Pradesh, India (1981-2011)
Mr.Ritesh Kumar, Mr.Khyal Chand
The population of Himachal Pradesh has been increasing unabatedly since last four decades. The present paper attempts to analyze the trends in population size, density and its growth in the study area during the study period. The study is based upon secondary data. It discusses the changing scenario of population size, density and growth during the four census years (1981, 1991, 2001 and 2011). The study reveals that the population has been increasing continuously and unevenly from 1980s to 2011. The distribution of population presents an inverse correlation between area and population during the study period, because geographically small districts are supporting more population and vice-versa. The study brings out that population density has also been increased over the period. The density of population also presents an inverse correlation between area and population during the study period, because geographically small districts support more human population and vice-versa. The overall growth of population has registered 60.16% increase between 1981-2011.