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Migration patterns and its selectivity in Madhyamgram Municipality, North 24 Parganas district, West Bengal
Migration, one of the most important dynamics of population change, is a form of geographical and spatial mobility between one geographical unit and another, generally involving in change in residence from one place to another. In this present study an attempt has been made to discuss about the patterns and selectivity of migration in Madhyamgram Municipality. By using simple random sampling techniques 585 samples have been selected from the study area with the help of a structured questionnaire. Migration is a decision making process. Such process of changing behaviour has been studied carefully to investigate how the different factors influenced to establish the present scenario. How migrational attitudes of men have become a developmental trait in the study area have been analysed .
Spatial patterns of sex ratio in Rajasthan, 2011: A Geographical analysis
Among the various qualitative attributes of population, sex ratio holds an important place as it is a reliable index of the socio-economic conditions prevailing in an area and it is a useful tool for regional analysis. The present paper is an attempt to analyse the trends in sex ratio, spatial patterns, and rural- urban differences in sex ratio in Rajasthan. Sex ratio of Rajasthan is mainly the outcome of interplay of sex differentials in mortality, sex selective migration, sex ratio at birth and at times the sex differences in population enumeration. Sex ratio of Rajasthan is fluctuating in narrow band in last five decades. If keenly observe that the decadal difference in sex ratio is very little, 7 to 11 points only. In other words, there were wide regional differences in rural – urban sex ratio in the state at district level. The area having excess of females over males were characteristic of areas from where male population are out migrated. Whereas area having low sex ratio was associated with, high female mortality rates during infancy and high male selective in migration in response to growing development. It also tries to investigate the possible cause such high-level gap of between rural- urban sex ratio and to suggest some measure to minimize the gap.
A study on natural and man-made problems with some remedies of the East Kolkata wetland
Shovon Kumar Pal
Wetlands are the collection forms of marshes, swamps, bogs and similar areas. Wetlands are found in flat vegetated areas in depressions in landscapes and between water and dry land along the edges of streams, rivers, lakes and coastlines. These wetlands have been existing for more than one hundred years, a lasting tradition of disposal and utilization of urban waste in agricultural field and fisheries. The local people have employed a remarkable system of nature to help to meet the three basic problems of the developing countries-shortage of food, shortage of employment opportunities and shortage of funds to treat the waste. Wetlands also play a great role in flood control, treatment of waste water, reduction of sediments, productions of organic materials and control of pollution. Multistorage buildings on agricultural land, low ground water level, increased salinity in water and soil, Deforestation are the chief causes of imbalanced urban ecosystem. There are many parameters in this study. This study has analyzed the causes of environmental problems of East Kolkata Wetlands. This paper is concerned with the environmental problems of the wetlands and how its impact has changed the urban ecosystem and the urban environment. Many of the urban poor live in wetlands areas and are deprived of various basic needs. So this study proves that the environmental problems are there.
Scenario of the juvenile delinquency in India, causes & remedial measures
Scenario of the juvenile delinquency in India, causes & remedial measures
Juvenile delinquency is also known as youth crime or youth offence. It is a part of social pollution. Society is an artificial system formed by complex relationship. It has set of values and norms which help in maintaining harmonious relationship between the members of the society. But when these values are being degraded, then, it leads to the social pollution. If any society sticks to the redundant values and the norms, then, it makes a room for social degradation. We cannot clean the environment unless our society is cleaned properly or proper awareness is created in the society to desist the old practice and tradition.
Problems and Prospects of Tourism Industry in Sikkim
Dr. Pradip Kumar Das
In mid 1970s, Sikkim became a part of India. Sikkim also holds the status of 8th north eastern state of the country. The state is of strategic importance to the India as it shares three international borders with China, Nepal and Bhutan. The economy of the state is heavily dependent on the central government. Because of its location, the state attracts tourist and the tourism industry also grown manifold in recent years. However, the industry also faces lots of problems in the form of frequent landslides, lack of infrastructure development, poor implementation of government initiatives, lack of proper awareness programme etc. The state of Sikkim at the same time has the potential to be the prime tourist destination of the country with lots of bio diversity, scope for eco tourism, adventure tourism, religious tourism etc.Tourism in the State of Sikkim is growing at a rapid pace in a very well thought of and planned manner. Sikkim now has become one of the best sought after hill destinations at the global level. The leadership is very committed and the State Government has been very effective and successful in educating and guiding the people regarding tourism on the basic principle of Sustainable Development.The present study focuses on the dynamics of tourism development and its positive and negative impacts on resources, environment, and local communities. The scope of the survey is to study about the problems and prospects of the tourism industry in the state of Sikkim. The study uses both the primary and secondary data to elicit information. Basically interview methods are adopted for getting information from the respondents.
Empowerment of Dalit in Panchayati Raj
N. Satish, Research Scholar
73rd Amendment Act 1992 accorded special reservation for Dalit and offered a wide chance to Dalit women to participate in Panchayati Raj Institutions in India. In the backdrop of the fact that this Act was enacted pan India in 1996 except Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland, the present study inquires whether reservation policy provided by the 73rd Amendment Act has empowered the rise of new leadership among the Dalit, or motivated them to participate voluntarily in the village body elections. Through the local body election in each village of India the following members are elected: Chairperson, President, and ward member, they have been playing a meaningful role in local governance for public good through the panchayat elections. This study is focusing on impact of Dalit reservation in panchayat Raj administration and attempts to evaluate how far these rights have been used by them for the their political participation to meet the expectations of people. Most of the elected representatives of the Dalits and Dalit women are illiterate with insufficient literary knowledge about the functions and procedure of Panchayat Raj setup. Additionally, caste system plays a vital role in rural India toward impeding the function and delegation of panchayat raj power to deprived people across India. The high caste people who are economically and politically strong are capable of governing Panchayat administration than other community. Thus the status of other community people seemingly are pitiful and ignored in the Panchyat Raj administration by the affluent and dominant community. Dominant community as well as dominant political party appears unwilling to see the Dalit prosperity.